UN report says global hunger rises to 821 million
The rise in 2017 Global hunger figures signals increase in the number of hungry people, reaching 821 million; one in every nine people are hungry, according to the United Nations (UN)‘s State of Food Security and Nutrition 2018 world report released on Tuesday, September 11th.
The report said, “New evidence continues to point to a rise in world hunger in recent years after a prolonged decline. An estimated 821 million people, approximately one out of every nine people in the world is undernourished.
“ Undernourishment and severe food insecurity appears to be increasing in almost all regions of Africa, as well as in South America, whereas the undernourishment situation is stable in most regions,” the report also added
The report summarizes the most recent trends in hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms with an analysis on wasting, and an emphasis on the extent to which climate variability undermines progress in these areas.
Based on the report the number of hungry people has been on a rise from 2014 till 2017 after it declined from 2007. In 2017, it rose marginally by 4.7 percent to 820.8 million people from 783.7 million people in 2014.And in 2007, it declined by 10.6 percent to 783.7 million in 2014 from 876.9 million in 2007.
The UN report said that the climate variability affecting rainfall patterns and agricultural seasons, and climate extremes such as droughts and floods, are among the key drivers behind the rise in hunger, together with conflict and economic slowdowns.
The continuous rise in global hunger shows that the world is not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) nutrition target to have zero hunger by 2030.
“The alarming signs of increasing food insecurity and high levels of different forms of malnutrition are a clear warning that there is considerable work to be done to make sure we ‘leave no one behind’ on the road towards achieving the SDG goals on food security and improved nutrition,” the heads of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) warned in their joint foreword to the report.
“If we are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030, it is imperative that we accelerate and scale up actions to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of food systems and people’s livelihoods in response to climate variability and extremes,” the leaders said.
In Africa, the situation is more pressing in the region of sub-Saharan Africa where an estimated 23.2 percent of the population or between one out of four and one out of five people in the region may have suffered from chronic food deprivation in 2017.
According to the leaders if actions are not taken fast there will be a further increase in global hunger
“That’s why we are saying we need to act now. Because we are concerned that it is not going to get better, that it is only going to get worse,” Cindy Holleman, senior economist for food security and nutrition at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said to Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Last year, almost 124 million people across 51 countries faced crisis levels of hunger, driven by conflicts and climate disasters, the U.N. said.
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